Lithium Ion batteries are subject to transport regulations. Road, ship and aircraft regulations might differ.
It is advised to refer to the listed regulations and instructions for detailed information. They are revised on a regular basis. The applicable organisations are:
ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road,
IATA DGR: International Air Transport Association, Dangerous Goods Regulations,
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air,
IMDG Code: International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code,
RID: International Statutory Order on the Conveyance of Dangerous Goods by Rail,
UN: United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
These regulations cover:
Testing: All batteries needs to pass the UN 38.3 testing. Manufacturers should be able to provide evidence of this on request.
Labelling: All packages containing Lithium Ion batteries must be labelled as such with the Lithium warning labels- see 1st Caution label below. Any Lithium Ion battery rated 100Wh and above is defined as Class 9 hazardous Dangerous goods. This requires additional labelling (Black white Diamond) on the outer box, (the orange sticker for air transport) which have UN approved boxes
Packing. Packing Dangerous Goods must be undertaken by qualified and certified staff. Lithium Ion battery charge capacity (SOC) must be below 30%.
Declarations: Transport of any Class 9 hazardous batteries must be declared to the Transporter/ courier. Transporters sometimes ask for the MSDS document, which is a Material Safety Data Sheet.
Defective Lithium ion products: It is not permitted to transport damaged or defective Lithium ion batteries, since these represent a heightened risk.